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Forklift Model Classification

Elephant Group | Updated: Dec 27, 2017

Vehicle classification:


Forklift can be divided into three categories: internal combustion forklift, electric forklift and storage forklift.


The internal combustion

The internal combustion forklift is divided into ordinary internal combustion forklift, heavy forklift, container forklift and side forklift.


Ordinary internal combustion forklift

Generally use diesel, gasoline, liquefied petroleum gas or natural gas engine as power, load capacity of 1.2 ~ 8.0 tons, homework channel width is generally 3.5 ~ 3.5 meters, emissions and noise into consideration, usually used in outdoor, workshops or other places with special requirements for emissions and noise did not. Because of the convenience of fuel, long time continuous operation can be achieved, and it can work in bad environment (such as rain).


Heavy fork lift truck

With diesel engine as the driving force, the carrying capacity is 10.0 ~ 52.0 tons, which is generally used for outdoor work in the heavy wharf, steel and other industries.


A container forklift

With diesel engine as the driving force, the carrying capacity is 8.0 ~ 45.0 tons, which is generally divided into empty box stacking machines, heavy box stacking machines and container front cranes. Used in container handling, such as container yard or port terminal.


Side fork lift truck

Using the diesel engine as power, the carrying capacity is 3.0-6.0 tons. In the case of not turning, it has the ability to take goods directly from the side, so it is mainly used to pick up the long type of goods, such as wooden bars, steel bars and so on.


electric

Electric motors for power, batteries for energy. The carrying capacity is 1.0 ~ 8.0 ton, and the width of the operating channel is generally 3.5 ~ 5.0 meters. Because of the lack of pollution and noise, it is widely used in indoor operations and other conditions that require higher environmental requirements, such as medicine, food and other industries. With the emphasis on environmental protection, electric forklift is gradually replacing the internal combustion forklift. Since each battery typically needs to be recharged after about 8 hours of work, a spare battery is required for multishift working conditions.


warehousing

The warehouse forklift is mainly a forklift truck designed for handling goods in the warehouse. Apart from a few storage, such as manual pallet forklift forklift is driven by human, other is motor driven, because of its compact body, mobile and flexible, light weight and good environmental performance and is widely used in warehousing. Motor driven storage forklift needs backup batteries in multishift operations.


truck

Carrying capacity of 1.6 ~ 3.0 tons, the operating channel width is generally 2.3 ~ 2.8 meters, and the lifting height of the cargo fork is about 210mm, mainly for the horizontal transportation and cargo handling in the warehouse. There are three types of walking, driving and riding, which can be chosen according to efficiency.


Piling car

The electric pallet truck is divided into two types: all-electric pallet and semi-electric palletized palletizing. The former is the driving, lifting and lifting are electric control, and it is more efficient. The latter is manual pulling or pushing a forklift and lifting it is electric.

Carrying capacity is 1.0 ~ 2.5 tons, homework channel width is generally 2.3 ~ 2.3 meters, on the structure more than the electric pallet handling forklift truck door frame, pallet fork hoisting height within 4.8 meters, general is mainly used for stacking and handling of goods in the warehouse.


Forward type car

Carrying capacity of 1.0 ~ 2.5 tons, the door frame can be whole forward or back, back channel width when the operation is 2.7 ~ 3.2 meters, the hoisting height of up to 11 meters, commonly used in warehouse storage, unstuffing, of medium height.


Power picker

In some cases (such as the distribution center of the supermarket), it is not necessary to ship the whole tray. Instead, it is chosen to choose a variety of goods according to order. According to the height of the chosen goods, the power picking forklift can be divided into low-order picklift (2.5 meters) and the medium height pick-lift truck (up to 10 meters).

Load capacity 2.0 ~ 2.5 tons (low), 1.0 ~ 1.2 tons (medium high, driving cab lift).


Low driving 3 to stacking fork lift truck

Usually equipped with a three-way stacker head, the forklift truck does not need to turn, the cargo fork can be rotated to realize the cargo stacking and the cargo, the width of the channel is 1.5 ~ 2.0 meters, and the height can reach up to 12 meters. The wheelhouse of the forklift has always been unable to ascend on the ground, taking into account the limitations of operational vision, which are mainly used to improve the operating conditions below 6 meters.


High driving three to stacking forklift truck

Similar to the low driving three-way stacking forklift truck, the high driving three-way stacking forklift is also equipped with a three-way stacking head, with a width of 1.5 ~ 2.0 meters and a height of 14.5 meters. The driver's cab can be improved, the driver can clearly observe any high cargo, and can also pick up the job. The high driving three-way stacking forklift truck is superior to the low driving three-way stacking forklift in efficiency and all kinds of performance, so the car has gradually replaced the low driving three to the forklift truck.


Electric tractor

Electric tractor (trailer)

The tractor is driven by an electric motor, with its traction capacity (3.0 ~ 25 tons), followed by a few vehicles loaded with goods. Main categories: airport logistics with electric tractor, workshop of electric tractor, small electric tractor, electric three-wheeled tractor, often used in the workshop or workshop between a large number of goods transport, such as auto manufacturing warehouse to assembly line transportation, airport baggage.


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